The Studio Dam is the world's largest dam, located in Studio Hills. It was built from 1951-1956. It is 761m tall, and deverts the Earthquake River, from Studio Hills, down into Lake Matewood, via the Adimoore Canal.
In the 1940s-1950s, the Studio Hills district of the city of South Matewood was thriving thanks to the entertainment industry.It also served as a major suburban district of South Matewood, with over 400,000 people located in the district.
On May 13, 1951, the most powerful earthquake to date, a 9.6 magnitude earthquake, took place. It caused a major new river system to be formed, running from Oilman Harbour (at Sienfield), to Studio Hills, into Lake South. The river was very full of water, being so far below the sea level. The river was about 633m tall after a very rainy day. The river ran directly into Studio Hills, and used the district as a flood ground, into Lake South, essentially making Studio Hills all Lake South, because of the immense amount of water being flooded into the desert district.
It is estimated that 75,000 people died because of the flooding. All of the survivors were evacuated to South Matewood. Most of the Studios moved into the new Southern Entertainment District in South Matewood, or left to South Blix.
The BRM decided that it would be best to build a dam, and regain the beautiful district. The city disagreed, saying that they would provide no funds to aide in the construction of a dam. The ex-citizens of Studio Hills came together, and proposed that they become their own city. The vote was 231,037 to 12,921 in favour of becoming a new city.
Because of this, the BRM was obligued to construct a dam, because it was OK to lose a district, but not to lose a city.
The dam began construction in August 1951.